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Bulletin of the

Native Plant Society of Oregon

Dedicated to the enjoyment, conservation, and study

of Oregon's native vegetation

Volume 31

Number 12

December 1998

ISSN 0884-599

In this issue

We Welcome New Members 143

A Review -- Mike Fahey 143

Kathleen Cheap 144

NPSO Items for Sale 144

NPSO/ODA Intern Report: Searching for Clues at the Scene of the Crime -- Jeff Stephens 144-146

NPSO List Inspires Others 146-147

Fire, Ice and Flowers: The 1999 Annual Meeting -- Rhoda Love 147

Map to January 23, 1999 State Board Meeting in Avery House, Corvallis 148

Friends of the Oregon Flora Project 148

It's Renewal Time

The NPSO membership year is January to December. Now is the time for members to renew.

A remittance envelope is in this issue of the Bulletin Or use the membership form on the inside back page.

NPSO brings you field trips, programs, classes, the monthly Bulletin and Kalmiopsis.

It's also a good time to consider a tax-deductible contribution to our special funds. The Leighton Ho Memorial Award is used for research projects in western Oregon. The Rare and Endangered Plant Fund supports work with our most threatened plants. The Jean Davis Memorial Scholarship is awarded annually to a botany student at an Oregon college or university.

Your membership and donations make it possible to carry out more of the many projects that are needed to pursue the goals of NPSO.

Note for EFO contributors: If you are receiving the Bulletin because you have designated part of your contribution to NPSO, your membership will continue for one year from the time of your contribution; you do not need to send a renewal payment now.

Membership Directory to be Published

The 1999 edition of the NPSO Membership Directory will be published in April. If you wish to receive a copy, add two dollars to your renewal payment.

If you wish to have your address or telephone number, or both, withheld from publication in the Directory, please make a prominent note on your renewal form.

State News

July 30 - Aug. 1, 1999

Annual Meeting: The 1999 Annual Meeting will take place in the high country of McKenzie Pass, and will be hosted by the Emerald Chapter.

Jan. 23, Sat.

Board Meeting: 10 A.M. - 4 P.M. Avery House, Avery Park, Corvallis, near the intersection of Avery Ave. & Allen St. (See map inside.) For more information, call Steve Northway, ( policy).

Chapter News

Blue Mountain

Dec. 7, Mon.

Meeting: 7 P.M. Small Business Development Center, SE 1st & Dorian, Pendleton. Karl Urban and Bruce Barnes will present slides from Utah trips, scenery and plants.



Meeting: No meeting in December.

Jan. 21, Thurs.

Meeting: 7 P.M. Carnegie Room, McMinnville Public Library, 225 NW Adams, McMinnville. Kareen Sturgeon presents "Churchbells, Cowbells and Harebells, a program on Switzerland. NOTE: THE JANUARY PROGRAM WILL BE ON THE 3RD THURDAY RATHER THAN THE REGULAR 4TH THURSDAY.


Dec. 14, Mon.

Meeting: 7:30 P.M. Avery House, Avery Park, near the intersection of Avery Ave. and Allen St. Join us for our annual Christmas party and slide show. Bring a dessert and a handful of your favorite slides. For more information, call Justen Whittall, ( policy).

Help Wanted: Our chapter has begun some long-term restoration projects and we could use as much help as possible working with rare plants in the Corvallis area. No experience necessary, but enthusiasm is appreciated. Call Justen Whittall, ( policy), for more information.


Dec. 14, Mon.

Holiday Gathering: 7:30 P.M. Room 110, Science Building, Lane Community College main campus. Come for our annual holiday party. Bring 10-12 of your favorite slides, if you wish, and a finger-food snack, if convenient. Your chapter will provide punch, tea and holiday decorations. See you there! Directions: From 30th Ave., turn south on Eldon-Schafer Dr., go past Oak Hill School and park in LCC's south parking lot, east end. Walk downstairs to Science Building. NOTE: CHANGE FROM 4TH TO 2ND MONDAY (this month only).

Jan. 25, Mon.

Meeting: 7:30 P.M. Room 109, Science Building, LCC main campus. Marcia Cutler, LCC botany alumna, will tell us her experiences as the Central Oregon Ecologist at The Nature Conservancy's beautiful Juniper Hills Preserve. This 10,000-acre preserve, nestled in the high desert between the Ochoco and Maury Mountains, is known for its diversity of native bunchgrass communities. (See Dec. mtng. for directions.)

Feb. 22, Mon.

Meeting: 7:30 P.M. Room 109, Science Building, LCC main campus. Louise Parsons, editor of the North American Rock Garden Society Newsletter, will help us prepare for our annual meeting, this year in the high Cascades, with her talk, "Western Cascades Geology and Plants." Raised by plant-loving parents and grandparents, and trained in geology, geography, gardening and art, Louise will give "a broad-brush amateur naturalist's point of view (placing) the plant treasures of this region into the totality of their natural range and setting. Directions: See Dec.

High Desert


Meeting: No meeting in December.

Klamath Basin

Dec. 8, Tues.

Meeting: 7-9 P.M. Meeting will not be held in Owens Hall, OIT. Instead, please join for the 2nd annual, festive, holiday-season potluck at Mike Neuman's house in Keno. Bring a food item or beverage, and, if you wish, a few of your favorite slides of plants, wildlife, or a nature trek to share and talk about. If you don't have slides, that's o.k. Directions: Drive to Keno on Hwy. 66, cross the bridge over the Klamath River, turn left just before the elementary school on to Keno-Worden Rd., follow for about 200 yds., turn left on to White Goose Dr., 2nd house on left at 11207. For more information, please call David Lebo,( policy).


Dec. 2, Wed.

Meeting: 7:30 P.M. Mosier School. As the short, gray days of winter approach, what better time to consider balsamroot (Balsamorhiza sagittata), a hallmark of springtime in the Mid-Columbia area. Barbara Robinson, our very own chapter president, has studied fenceline contrasts and seedling survival of this species for many years. At our meeting, she will share her observations and insights on this spectacular native plant.

Jan. 6, Wed.

Meeting: 7:30 P.M. Mosier School. With maps and video, Jerry Igo tells about his recent botanical adventures in the southwestern United States, in a program titled, "Early Springtime in the Southwestern Desert," the next best thing to being there.

North Coast


For information on the North Coast Chapter, call Christine Stanley, ( policy).


Dec. 8, Tues.

Meeting: 7 P.M. First United Methodist Church, 1838 Jefferson St., Portland. This is the annual members' slide night. Bring your favorites.


Dec. 17, Thurs.

Meeting: 7:30 P.M. The Annual Christmas Dessert Potluck will be held this year at Julian and Connie Battaile's home, 1216 Tolman Creek Rd., Ashland. Bring your favorite dessert and enjoy the presentation by Maria Ulloa on "Native Plants of Southern Chile," which was originally scheduled for Nov. but had to be postponed.

South Coast


For information on the South Coast Chapter, call Bruce Rittenhouse, ( policy).

Umpqua Valley

Dec. 10, Thurs.

Meeting: 6 P.M. Potluck at Hillcrest Vineyard, followed by the program, flora of the Wallowas in northeastern Oregon by Naomi Neyerlin. Directions: From Roseburg proceed west on Garden Valley, Melrose (passing its store, church, fire station) and Doerner roads, then north on Elgarose to Vineyard Lane and winery. For information, contact Richard Sommer,( policy).

Willamette Valley


Meeting: No meeting in December.

William Cusick

Dec. 15, Tues.

Meeting: 7 P.M., Forest and Range Laboratory, C Ave. & Gekeler Lane, La Grande. From 7 to 8, Karen Antell, Professor of Biology at Eastern Oregon University, will present another one of her lively slide shows on identifying plant families common to our area. There will be a business meeting from 8 to 9.

We Welcome New Members Joining 8/16/98 - 10/17/98


Blue Mountain

Karen Hinman


Meg Cooke

Joanne DeMay

Matt and Mollie Dunckel

David Fouste

Ted and Harriet Gahr

Dee Goldman

Brian Higgins

Linda Kaplan

Mary Beth Kramer

Dorothy McKey-Fender

Rosina Morgan

Leonard A. Rydell

Darey Shell

Ann Trieu

Randy VanHoy

Gordon D. Wogan


Todd Engle

Dennia Isaacson


Kathryn Dawson

Jocelyn Warren

High Desert

Shannon Bronson

Lisa Jean Hoefner

Vicki Johnson

Barbara Matlick

Rick Miller

Holly Remer


Jenny Thomas

Beth Vining


Julie Biddle

Mark Chilcote

David R. and June Foland

Sheila Logan

Claire Puchy

Tom Robertson


Jim Belsher

Mickey Laney-Jarvis

Willamette Valley

James Atkins

Julie Knurowski

Kerry J. Smith


A Review

Wilhelm Nikolaus Suksdorf ( policy)) Pioneer Botanist of the Pacific Northwest. This is the title of a 16-page biography prepared by Dr. Rhoda Love. It was published in the 1998 Fall issue of the Pacific Northwest Quarterly.

Dr. Love was a sleuth non-pareil in finding new sources of information on the life and adventures of this very interesting man. She located some living relatives who remembered him and were able to supply new facts about his work. Dr. Love also included 16 images of Susksdorf's letters, maps, one of his drawings, some portraits, and photos of herbarium sheets. I do not want to spoil the fun you will have in

reading this fascinating account of one of our most productive Northwest Botanists, so will not tell you any more about the article.

Copies of the article can be obtained from Pacific Northwest Quarterly for $6.00 (this will get you the whole issue of the Journal) The

address is PNQ, Box 353587, University of Washington, Seattle WA ( policy).

Mike Fahey, Portland Chapter

Kathleen Cheap

Kathleen Cheap. a member of the NPSO Board of Directors and of the Blue Mountain Chapter, was killed in an airplane crash, Friday, Nov. 6, 1998. Her presence will be missed by many in her chapter and throughout the state.


NPSO Items for Sale

Oregon's Rare Wildflower Poster depicts Punchbowl Falls and three of the Columbia River Gorge's endemic wildflowers. Text on the back describes the natural history of the Gorge and the mission of the NPSO. Available from Stu Garrett, 21663 Paloma Dr., Bend, OR 97701 ( policy). Individual may order posters at $12 each, plus $3 per order for shipping. Posters are mailed in tubes. Chapter treasures may contact Stu for wholesale prices to chapters.

NPSO Window Stickers are decals with NPSO's trillium logo in green over an opaque white background, for use inside car windows. Available from Stu Garrett, $1each, min. 5.

NPSO's Original Wildflower Poster depicts 13 Oregon wildflowers in a striking artist's rendition. Soon to be a collector's item. Available from Stephanie Schulz, 84603 Bristow Rd., Pleasant Hill, OR 97455, $5 each, plus $3 per order for shipping. Posters are mailed in tubes.

Conservation and Management of Native Plants and Fungi: Proceedings of an Oregon Conference on the Conservation and Mangement of Native Vascular Plants, Bryophytes, and Fungi. Edited by Thomas N. Kaye, Aaron Liston, Rhoda M. Love, Daniel L. Louma, Robert J. Meinke, and Mark V. Wilson, with a foreword by Reed F. Noss. Available from NPSO Conference Proceedings, 1803 Cedar St., La Grande, OR 97850. ( policy). $20 plus $5 for shipping for the first copy, $2.50 for shipping, each additional copy.


NPSO/ODA Intern Report

The following is the third and last in a series of articles in which NPSO/ODA interns discuss their activities during the 1998 field season. Interns were selected from a pool of applicants and worked with scientists from the Oregon Department of Agriculture/OSU Plant Conservation Biology Program to carry out research related to threatened and endangered species in Oregon. Project locations ranged from coastal beaches to serpentines of southwestern Oregon to the eastside's high desert. Interns were jointly funded by NPSO, state, and federal dollars and plan to use their experience to further their careers in botany and biology. What follows here is Jeff Stephen's provocative and impassioned article on his experience monitoring rare plants in Oregon, especially Kincaid's lupine. Thanks again to NPSO for contributing to botanical education and work experience.

Tom Kaye Plant Conservation Biology Program Oregon Department of Agriculture


Searching for Clues

at the Scene of the Crime

"A clearcut, or even a mile-wide strip mine pit will heal in geological time. The extinction of a species, each one a pilgrim of four billion years of evolution, is an irreversible loss. The ending of the lines for so many creatures with whom we have traveled this far is an occasion of profound sorrow and grief. Death can be accepted and to some degree transformed. But the loss of lineages and all their future young is not something to accept. It must be rigorously and intelligently resisted." -- Gary Snyder, The Practice of the Wild. It seems that humans, collectively, are building barriers against plant evolution. As we proceed to alter the fluid envelopes that surround the earth, simple molecules that pass through all creatures, new selective pressures demand equally impressive innovations. But, as will happen more and more often, many plant species in Oregon must out-compete European superweeds while attempting to adapt to extreme deforestation and/or agricultural sprawl, and trying to migrate across vast "ecovoids," such as farmlands and metropolises, on an impossibly instantaneous time-scale. These species are being run into a wall, and their continued existence requires the creation of a window through which they may pass to the future. As a part of that mission, I was able to participate as an intern in the Native Plant Society of Oregon and Oregon Department of Agriculture plant conservation program.

The fearless botanist Tom Kaye facilitated the studious summer wanderings of two other interns, Lisa Karst and Madi Novak, and myself to and fro and back again all over Oregon. For the most part, we recorded demographic data of endangered Oregon plants that later will contribute to transition matrix models, which are a useful form of viability analysis based on short-term population dynamics and critical life-history stages. We monitored pink sandverbena (Abronia umbellata ssp. breviflora), Tygh Valley milkvetch (Astragalus tyghensis), tall bugbane (Cimicifuga [Actaea] elata), Umpqua swertia (Frasera umpquaensis), Snake River goldenweed (Haplopappus radiatus), Cusick's lupine (Lupinus cusickii), and Kincaid's lupine (Lupinus sulphureus ssp. kincaidii). In addition, I was able to assist in projects involving red root yampah (Perideridia erythrorhiza) and hairy popcorn flower (Plagiobothrys hirtus).

In particular, the status of Kincaid's lupine may serve to demonstrate the enormous difficulty of creating an adequate passage through time for just one of about 4,900 native U.S. species that are globally rare (Morse, 1996). An interesting aspect of this rare lupine is that it is the primary larval food plant for Fender's blue (Icaricia icarioides fenderi), a very rare butterfly endemic to the upland prairie habitat that was common in the Willamette Valley in relatively recent history. Contemporary land-use has eliminated 99% of such grasslands and the Fender's blue was thought to be extinct between 1937 and 1989 (Wilson et al., 1997). Merely 42 prairie patches remain in which Kincaid's lupine survives, and these represent the maximum potential range for Fender's blue, which itself occurs only in 13 of those patches and numbers less than 4000 individuals (Schultz, 1998). In addition, Fender's blue adults depend on several native nectar plants as a food source. Because so few patches of suitable native upland prairie habitat remain in the Willamette Valley, the already depauperate populations of Fender's blue are effectively isolated from one another, and each circles the drain of extirpation.

The specific challenge for Fender's blue is to restore degraded patches of upland prairie that are in close enough proximity to allow dispersal to occur via its association with Kincaid's lupine. The species is unlikely to survive much longer unless the preservation of existing habitat is supplemented with effective restoration of degraded habitat. As is true for all animals, insects ultimately depend upon plants, and can not exist in their absence. In this case, conservation of the Fender's blue includes conservation of the lupine, which, of course, itself includes conservation of ecosystem health, much as we may be afraid to admit it. Thus, to save these species in the long-run (only 50 years or more) demands nothing short of maintaining each of their countless interactions with all other species, which means more than building a fence around them.

In the few spots where Kincaid's lupine does cling to existence, it is being overrun with seemingly invincible invaders, such as Himalayan blackberry (Rubus discolor), Scot's broom (Cytisus scoparius), meadow knapweed (Centaurea pratensis), and tall oatgrass (Arrhenatherum elatius). This is largely because natural cycles of grassland disturbance have recently ceased altogether. Disturbingly, if humans left for hell today, these species would surely go extinct regardless. Thus, conservationists must actively undo harm in addition to advocating the cessation of harm.

Our role in treating this ecological emergency was to establish a permanent arrangement of study plots that will allow future investigators to monitor the response of Kincaid's lupine to various treatments, such as periodic mowing and burning, that mimic naturally sustaining cycles of renewal. Physically, this required the four of us wade across seas of blackberry for a week in the June sun, as we monitored the presence of lupine leaves and inflorescences and Fender's blue eggs in a large pasture northwest of Eugene. As much work as that was for four people, it was really only a small contribution to the extremely complex effort of patch-scale ecosystem conservation that must go into preventing extinction for a pair of endangered associates. The hard labor and extreme time-commitment that characterize this local project on small patches of habitat underscores the enormous difficulty and desperation of global, and even regional attempts to stop the bleeding. Meanwhile, humans continue to snip away at every taxonomic branch. Considering that sudden climate change may disrupt the evolutionary synchrony that accompanies interdependence, and that fragmentation is inescapable at all scales, and furthermore, that the maniacal myth of perpetual economic growth is still accelerating, providing passage for creatures such as Kincaid's lupine and Fender's blue will be analogous to passing a spider web right through a wall. Can we do that?

I thank the Native Plant Society of Oregon and the Oregon Department of Agriculture for supporting our circumambulation, and Bob Meinke and Tom Kaye for allowing me to work with the Plant Conservation Program. I had a great time working with Lisa Karst and Madi Novak this summer.

Jeff Stephens


Morse, L.E. 1996. Plant rarity and endangerment in North America. Pp. 7-22 in D. A. Falk, C. I. Millar, and M. Olwell, eds., Restoring diversity: strategies for reintroduction of endangered plants. Island Press, Washington, D. C.

Schultz, C.B. 1998. Dispersal behavior and its implications for reserve design in a rare Oregon butterfly. Conservation Biology 12: 284-292.

Wilson, M.V. 1997. The interdependence of native plants and Fender's blue butterfly. Pp: 83-87 in T.N. Kaye, ed., Conservation and management of native plants and fungi. Native Plant Society of Oregon, Corvallis, Oregon.


NPSO List Inspires Others

Since I have been eaves-dropping on your list for a couple of years now, I thought I'd let you know that I have started a list for the Native Plant Society of Texas (NPSOT). We are starting slowly so it's not very active right now. I have found it interesting to read what's going on in Oregon and the Pacific NW and to read what is of interest to you there. It has also been beneficial to me to know that there are people in other parts of the country that have an interest in plants native to their region and I have learned a lot from them even though they may not be in Texas. The high degree of activity on your discussion lists is part of what prompted me to want to create a list here. It has seemed to be a useful tool for sharing information about plants, field trips and other activities that might be of interest to subscribers. Perhaps there are some of you that would like to contribute to our list or simply like to eavesdrop. If you would like to subscribe, please go to the following address:

Brad Smith


Fire, Ice and Flowers:

The 1999 Annual Meeting

By now Emerald Chapter hopes all readers know that it will be our pleasure to host the 1999 Annual Meeting in the Central Oregon Cascades this coming summer -- July 30 to August 1.

Perhaps it has become something of a cliché to state that the Cascades were born of fire and sculptured by ice. Stephen Harris no doubt coined the colorful phrase in the title of his 1976 book, *Fire and Ice.* The description has been picked up by other writers including Bill Sullivan in his outstanding guide, *100 Hikes in the Central Oregon Cascades.* (By the way, Bill will be the featured dinner speaker at the meeting.)

No spot better illustrates the story of fire and ice than the area near McKenzie Pass we have chosen for the meeting: White Branch Youth Camp on White Branch Creek, two miles from the boundary of the Three Sisters Wilderness. Nearby are the three former volcanoes themselves, two or three million years old and all topping 10,000 feet in elevation, the massive South Sister having sent Ice-Age glaciers down to the present location of our camp. When those rivers of ice retreated 10,000 years ago they left hanging valleys creating the lovely waterfalls on Proxy Creek and White Branch Creek, the latter a short old-growth forest walk from the camp.

Although the Sisters themselves are volcanically quiet now, lava has continued to bubble forth in the McKenzie area, with some flows moving down a former glacier valley less than a mile from our camp. Some of the flows at the top of nearby McKenzie pass may be as recent as 400 years old according to Alt and Hyndman's *Roadside Geology of Oregon.* The lava flows have blocked a number of creeks forming lakes large and small which dot the landscape.

Is it any wonder that with this varied landscape sculpted by fire and ice, the flora is also diverse? We plan some superb hikes and drives into the high country to show you some of the best of the floral displays. Emerald Chapter members Bruce Newhouse, Charlene Simpson, John Koenig, Dave Predeek, and others will be leading these trips. Watch this space next month, as these folks have promised to help me write a brief preview for you of some of the beautiful and unusual species we expect to see.

Remember: "Get high the last summer of the Millennium in the Central Oregon Cascades!" The dates to mark on your calendar are July 30 through August first.

Rhoda Love,

Emerald Chapter


"Some say the world will end in fire,

Some say in ice."


"What matter if we go clear to the west,

And come not through dry-shod?

For wilding brooch shall wet your breast

The rain fresh goldenrod."

(Map to be provided)
Friends of the Oregon Flora Project

Volunteer of the ORegon Flora Project have been busy. Recent work includes developing an electronic plant Atlas prototype, recording herbaruim specimen label data, and compiling portions of the Oregon Vascular Plant Checklist.

This fall, the Native Plant Society of Oregon is sponsoring the Friend of the ORegon Flora Project to help raise the funds nexessary to produce a new Flora of Oregon. Currently, the Friends Committee is looking for the talents of a few enthusiastic folks to help us with grant writing, record keeping, and developing a dynamic fund raising strategy. We plan to initiate a campaign to reach new contributors, both individual and corporate, and secure funding for key staff positions. If you'd like to help, please contact me, Keli Kuykendall at 541.758.8409,, or write to at our new Friends address, Friends of the Oregon Flora Project, PO Box 402, Corvallis, OR 97339-0402.

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Last Modified December 13, 1998